Helicopter Search and Rescue Hi-Line Technique
The Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport wishes to highlight a report published by the Marine Casualty Investigation Board into the sinking of “MFV Iúda Naofa” and to draw the attention of all vessel owners to the procedure for safe use of Hi-Line when receiving assistance from a Search and Rescue (SAR) Helicopter. The full report may be obtained from the website of the Marine Casualty Investigation Board at www.MCIB/243.ie.
SAR Helicopter and use of Hi-Line
Vessels at sea requiring assistance are always moving.
In order to enhance safety, the SAR helicopter crew may opt to use a helicopter supplied ‘Hi-Line/Heaving-in line’, often abbreviated to ‘Hi-Line’. A Hi-Line consists of a weighted rope extension to the winch wire which is lowered down to the vessel. It is connected via a weak link to the aircraft's winch hook. The receiving end of a Hi-Line has weights attached to it and the other end is attached to the helicopter winch hook.
In some environmental conditions it may not be possible to winch the helicopter crew member, (referred to as a winch man or winch person), or the strop (rescue harness) from a position directly above a vessel to a preferred position on the vessel's deck. In such situations, the helicopter crew will lower a Hi-Line to the deck before the winch person is deployed from the helicopter. Hi-Lines must be tended by crew members on the receiving vessel.
Purpose of the Hi-Line:
1. To reduce the swing on the hoist cable when the winch person is being lowered to the vessel.
2. To assist the winch person to land on the vessels deck safely and accurately.
3. To reduce the swing when the winch person is being hoisted back to the helicopter
4. To help pass equipment to/from the vessel if required.
The Hi-Line must never be secured (attached) to the vessel.
Hi-Line Party – On-board the receiving vessel
The vessel’s Hi-Line party MUST wear LIFEJACKETS and protective GLOVES.
The two person Hi-Line party are deck crew who will receive the weighted end of the Hi-Line.
They should provide an empty container (e.g. bucket or fish box) to collect slack Hi-Line.
One person should tend the Hi-Line, taking up the slack on the Hi-Line and hauling in only when instructed to do so by the helicopter crew, either by radio message or hand signal.
The second crew member should coil the slack line into the empty container, ensuring to keep it clear of any obstructions.
If the helicopter has to break away during the operation the line must be paid out or, if necessary, released completely ensuring that the line passes clear of any obstructions on deck.
Crew must be extremely careful not to get entangled in the Hi-Line.
Operation of Hi- Line:
The SAR helicopter will lower the Hi-Line to the vessel’s deck party.
When the winch person appears, the vessel’s deck party should pull the Hi-Line (and therefore the winch person) onto the vessel’s deck.
It may be necessary to apply sizeable force when pulling in the Hi-Line.
Lowering of equipment:
In certain circumstances equipment such as pumps or stretchers may be lowered onto a vessel.
Ordinarily the Hi-Line and the winch person are lowered to the vessel’s deck before any other equipment. In such circumstances the winch person will supervise the lowering of a pump or other equipment.
In exceptional circumstances where deemed necessary by the vessel or helicopter crew a pump may be lowered without the presence of a winch person, i.e. once a Hi-Line connection is established.
The deck party should endeavour to guide the pump onto a suitable deck space and should disconnect the pump from the winch hook as soon as possible.
Instructions for operating the pump are contained inside the equipment bag.
Summary of Hi-Line Technique
Example of Hi Line Use
Wind 30 degrees on Port Bow
Maintain heading unless instructed otherwise by the Helicopter
Accept Hi-line in clear area on port quarter
Deck crew should wear lifejackets and gloves
Take in slack as hi-line is lowered
Do not attach hi-line to any part of the vessel
Pull in winch person when signalled by the winch person
Maintain tension on hi-line at all times
On recovery of hi-line by helicopter, maintain tension until weights are in hand
and then release them clear of obstruction
Static electricity can build up in any hovering helicopter. A static discharge wire is attached to the end of the winch cable which enables the static electricity to discharge through the discharge wire.
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